This is a chronic health condition that occurs when the pancreas of the body produces little or no insulin and affects how the body uses glucose.
Types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Causes of diabetes
The cause for Type 1 is generally unknown, however, in most people with it, the body’s immune system whose main duty is to fight bacteria, destroys the insulin-producing cells leading to low production of insulin in the child and this leads to sugar build up in the child’s bloodstream, and if left untreated, it causes life-damaging complications.
Many children with Type 2 have at least a parent with it and a family history of it and are mostly overweight. Having excess body fat makes it more difficult for insulin response by cells and this is even worsened by a sedentary lifestyle. Also, adolescents are more likely to have it than infants and younger kids, probably due to hormonal level increase.
Type 1 diabetes can affect the major organs in your body. Keeping your blood sugar level close to normal most of the time can dramatically reduce the risk of many complications. Complications can include: Heart and blood vessel disease, nerve damage, kidney damage, eye damage, and lower than normal bone mineral density, increasing the child’s risk of osteoporosis later as an adult.
Type 2 diabetes can lead to Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in girls, hypertension (high blood pressure), or abnormal levels of blood fats. This is the metabolic syndrome that increases the risk for heart disease, stroke, and other health diseases.
Some of these complications may not happen in childhood but may happen as they transit into adulthood.
Signs and Symptoms
Frequent thirst or hunger
Unexplained loss of weight
Slow skin repair after injury
Heavy or forced breathing
Numbness of hands or feet etc.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Self-diagnosis should be avoided, see a doctor.
Teach the child healthy feeding and exercise habits